STDs & STIs: What are they?
(Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Infections)
STDs are passed from one person to another through intimate physical. They are common, CDC estimates 20 Million new infections occur every year. For documentation CLICK HERE. Several of which are chronic, life long infections. Many might now show signs & symptoms. They can cause a great deal of damage and be transmitted to you or your partner without your knowledge. If you are sexually active then it is important to get tested. Many can be treated and managed with medicine and some can be cured. For STD & HIV Screening Recommendations according to the CDC CLICK HERE.
Below are some common STDs:
- Chlamydia: Caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis that often it doesn’t have signs or symptoms. It can cause permanent and lasting damage to a woman’s reproductive organs. Damage done is often discovered years later when the infected woman try to become pregnant and are unable to. Can affect men or women and spreads through body fluids during vaginal, anal or oral sex. Can be found in the throats of those who have had oral sex with an infected partner. For CDC pdf fact sheet CLICK HERE.
- Gonorrhea: Caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhea. It can be spread through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, anus and mother to baby during delivery. Not everyone will experience symptoms but may cause serious complications. CLICK HERE for CDC pdf fact sheet. Some forms of gonorrhea have developed resistance to nearly evert drug for treatment. CLICK HERE.
- Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection. According to the CDC, approx. 79 million Americans are infected mostly in their late teens and early 20s.There are multiple types of HPVs, some can cause cervical, vulvar, vaginal, penile or anal cancers. For documentation CLICK HERE Others can cause genital warts. There is no way to know which people who have HPV will develop cancer or other health problems. People with weak immune systems may be less able to fight off the HPV. For further info please CLICK HERE.
- Syphilis is a systemic disease cause by the Treponema palladium bacterium and often refered to as “The Great Imitator” because its symptoms are sometimes very similar to the symptoms of other diseases. Contracted through the ulcer or chancre at the infection site. It occurs in three stages: CLICK HERE.
1. Primary syphilis infection (ulcers or chancre at the infection site)
2. Secondary syphilis (manifestations that include, but not limited to, skin rash, mucous membrane lesions, and lymph node disease),
3. Tertiary syphilis (cardiac, swelling in the liver, brain, ect). Latent infections not showing clinical manifestations are detected by blood tests) For further info. CLICK HERE.